More info: Berlin is the largest city and the national capital of Germany. Berlin is located in northeastern Germany, surrounded by the Federal State of Brandenburg.
At the end of World War II, the city was occupied by the Allies and divided into two parts: West Berlin and East Berlin. Between 1961 and 1989, the Berlin Wall separated the two parts until they were reunited in 1990 and Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany.
Berlin straddles the banks of the Spree, which flows into the Havel (a tributary of the Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau. Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel and Dahme, the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee.
Over one-third of the city area of Berlin consists of green space, woodlands, and water. Berlin's second-largest and most popular park, the Grober Tiergarten, is located right in the center of the city. It covers an area of 210 hectares and stretches from Bahnhof Zoo in the City West to the Brandenburg Gate in the east.