More info: Lake Biwa is a large freshwater lake in Shiga Prefecture, northeast of Kyoto. It’s known for its abundant fish population, migratory water birds and wetland regions. It serves as a reservoir for the cities of Kyoto and Ōtsu and is a valuable resource for nearby textile industries and for the culture of pearls. It provides drinking water for about 15 million people in the Kansai region.
Its shoreline is home to resorts and beaches like Ōmi-Maiko. Around the lake are historic sites including the 17th-century Hikone castle and the 8th-century Buddhist temple complex Enryaku-ji and the Lake Biwa Museum with cultural and natural history exhibits.